Atoka County, Oklahoma Genealogy
part of the OKGenWeb and USGenWeb Project
Home | Cemeteries | Census | Lookups | Master_Index | Obits | Photos | Queries | Resources | Surnames | Towns in Atoka Co. | State Resources


In early 1862, with the Civil War spreading into Indian Territory, the First Choctaw Mounted Regiment, Confederate States Army, was organized at Atoka. In a list compiled by Asa KING, Sheriff of Blue County in 1861, Ramsey Betts, his half brother David and some of the Durant boys were listed as Warriors of Blue County, Choctaw Nation. This was apparently a list of men eligible for military duty.

Ramsey joined the regiment on Aug. 15, 1862 and was assigned to Company E. The regiment was commanded by Col. Samson FOLSOM. This unit saw action throughout Indian Territory and even into Missouri and Arkansas. They suffered several casualties at the battle of Newtonia, MO. They were in both battles of Cabin Creek, the battle at Ft. Gibson and a battle outside Ft. Smith, in addition to several smaller skirmishes.

The following report was copied from a special edition of "The Merry Green Press".


"The Federal column captured at Poison Spring west of Camden on April 18 contained wagons laden with corn, bacon, bed quilts, women's and children's clothing, hogs, geese and other property stolen by soldiers.
Confederates under command of Brigadier General Samuel B. MAXEY attacked the Federal forage train commanded by Col. James M. WILLIAMS at Poison Spring.

The train consisted of 198 six-mule wagons, artillery, and strong escorts of infantry and cavalry. The Infantrymen of the First Kansas Colored had earlier stripped the houses of the region of little baby frocks, shoes, stockings, women's bonnets, shawls and cloaks which they hoped to take home to their families in Kansas.

The Confederate Force included Indians of the 1st and 2nd Choctaw Regiments who reportedly broke for the plunder of the train at one point with demoniac war whoops which disconcerted even their own men.

One hundred seventy wagons, four cannon and their caissons, and hundreds of small arms were captured along with stolen items. The Federal loss was 301 of 1160 present on the field. Of 438 officers and men in the battle, the 1st Kansas Colored Infantry lost 182 men, 117 listed as killed.

Captain ROWLAND of the 18th Iowa has informed our Camden correspondent that three days afterwards, a burial detail was sent to the field where six white officers and eighty men of the 1st Kansas Colored Infantry were found. The white dead were all scalped and stripped of clothing which was carried off by the Rebels. To add insult to the dead officers, they were laid on their faces and a circle of their colored soldiers made around them. Some wounded soldiers were bitten by rattlesnakes. Confederate losses were 16 killed, 88 wounded and 10 missing."

As far as is known, Ramsey came through the war unscathed. The regiment was included in the surrender at Doaksville on June 23, 1865, one of the last Confederate units to surrender. Ramsey returned to Blue County and became a Baptist minister.

Submitted by Carl Phillips,

© 1996-2023 by OKGenWeb ~ Atoka Co. Coordinator

State Coordinator: Linda Simpson Asst. State Coordinator: Mel Owings