President Grover Cleveland designated September 16,
1893, as the date of the opening of the Cherokee Outlet that
Congress had paid $8,505,736 or about $1.40 per acre. Soon word
spread across the land and later became known as the "greatest horse
Immigrants and citizens from all over the United States, loaded
their belongings into wagons and on the back of horses. As these
hopefuls swarmed the Kansas and Oklahoma Territorial borders, they
impatiently waited for the Cherokee Outlet to be opened.
On that day in 1893 more than 100,000 white settlers rush to claim
six million acres of former Cherokee land. By the end of the day,
farms were established, and the cities of Enid, Perry, Alva, and
Woodward had risen out of prairie from the day before.
The Homestead Act of 1862 made surveyed lands obtainable to
homesteaders. The act stated that men over the age of 21, unmarried
women who were head of households (i.e. widows) and married men
under the age of 21, who did not own over 160 acres of land
anywhere, were citizens or intended on becoming citizens of the
United States, were eligible to homestead. Home seekers had to
register in advance of the "run".
Participants were to provide their names, addresses, ages, and a
description of themselves, along with their signature on an
affidavit that they would not enter the Outlet before noon September
Successful contestants had six months to prove up their claims. Most
did not leave their claims unattended due to "claim jumpers". After
five years, surviving claimants could secure a patent deed by
appearing at the land office and making the final proof of
residence, paying $1.25 to $1.50 per acre and a land office fee of
Post / View Queries
George Washington Miller & the 101 Ranch
Cherokee Outlet/Cherokee Strip Museum
Cherokee Strip Live Stock Association
Cherokee Strip Livestock Association
George Washington Miller and Ranch 101
Indian Affairs: Laws & Treaties
1893, there were 7 original counties: 0, L, K, P, Q, M and N.
After the run, the names selected were Garfield, Grant, Kay, Noble,
Pawnee, Woods and Woodward.
In 1907 when Oklahoma acquired statehood the following counties were
made from existing counties in the Cherokee Outlet:
Alfalfa County was formed from Woods County;
Ellis County was formed from Day and Woodward Counties;
Harper County was formed from Woods and Woodward Counties;
Major County was formed from Woods County.
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