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Nancy Duck nee Backwater

Delaware Co., Oaks, Oklahoma

Admitted. Daughter of # 8363, Joe Backwater, and claims through same source.

Also see MA # 8328, Polly Comingdeer, b. 1841 nee Oo-ne-chi-cha-ke-s-de.

Commissioner of Indian Affairs

Washington, D. C.


I hereby make application for such share as me be due me of the fund appropriated by the Act of Congress approved June 30, 1906, in accordance with the decrees of the Court of Claims of May 18, 1905, and May 28, 1906, in favor of the Eastern Cherokees. The evidence of identity is herewith subjoined.

1. State Full Name:

English Name- Nancy Duck Indian Name- Neh-ny-sy Ka-we-noo

2. Residence and Postoffice- Oaks

3.. County- District 5

4.. State- Indian Territory

5.. How old are you? 23 years Born: 1884

6.. Where were you born? Saline District

7.. Are you married? WIDOW

8.. Name and age of wife or husband- Sandy Duck, age 21

9.. To what tribe of Indian does he or she belong? Cherokee

10.. Name all your children who were living on May 26, 1906, giving their ages-

Nellie Duck 2 years of age b. 1905

11.. Give names of your father and mother, and your mother's name before marriage-

Father- English name- Joe Backwater Indian name- Jo-wah Ar-mar-geh-nar

Mother- English name- Lizzie Backwater Indian name- Go-li-jih Ar-mar-geh-nar Maiden name- Lizzie Mellowbug

12.. Where were they born? Both parents born in Saline District

13.. Where did they reside in 1851, if living at that time They were not born

14.. Date of death of your father and mother? Both parents living.

15.. Were they ever enrolled for annuities, land, or other benefits? If so, state when and where- Both been enrolled all Cherokee payments since born.

16.. Name all your brothers and sisters, giving ages, and if not living, give date of death- Round Backwater b. 1893 d. living

Oo-wah-lee-us-ky Backwater b. 1895 d. living

17.. State English and Indian name of your grandparents on both father's and mother's side, if possible- Father's side: Backwater (Ar-mar-jeh-nar) Sarah Backwater (Seh-li-nh Ar-mar-jeh-nar)

Mother's side: Mellowbug (Toh-yu-ne-sy) Betty Mellowbug (Que-dy)

18.. Where were they born? Old Nation East

19.. Where did they reside in 1851, if living at that time? Saline District

20.. Give names of all their children, and residence, if living; if not living, give dates of deaths

Joe Backwater Oaks, Indian Territory

Dack Mellowbug Oaks, Indian Territory

Wilson Mellowbug Oaks, Indian Territory

Go-tler Ner-os-ky Mellowbug Leach, Indian Territory *( Smith Mellowbug?)

Isiah Mellowbug Oaks, Indian Territory

21.. Have you ever been enrolled for annuities, land, or other benefits? If so, state when and where- I was enrolled for Cherokee Strip payments 1894.

21. To expedite identification, claimant should give the full English and Indian names, if possible, of their paternal and maternal ancestors back to 1835.


(Under this head the applicant may give additional information that he believes will assist in proving his claim).

Note: Answers should be brief but explicit: the words 'yes' , 'no', and 'unknown' may be used in cases where applicable. Read the questions carefully.

I solemnly swear that the foregoing statements made by me are true to the best of my knowledge and belief.

Signed: Nancy 'X' Duck

Subscribed and sworn to before me this 8th day of August 1907.

Signed: R. T. Carroll, Notary Public


(The following affidavit must be sworn to by two or more witnesses who are well acquainted with the applicant.)

Personally appeared before me Osie Hogshooter and John Arnecher, who being duly sworn, on oath depose and say that they are well acquainted with Nancy Duck, who makes the foregoing application and statements, and have known her for 18 years and 15 years, respectively, and know her to be the identical person she represents herself to be, and that the statements made by her are true, to the best of their knowledge and belief, and they have no interest whatever in her claim.

Witness to mark: Osie Hogshooter

Signature of witnesses: Osie Hogshooter and John 'X' Arnecher

Subscribed and sworn to before me on this 8th day of August 1907.

Signed: J. T. Carroll, Notary public


March 15, 1909

Nancy Duck

Oaks, Oklahoma


With further reference to your application for the participation in the Eastern Cherokee Fund, kindly advise this office if your daughter, Nellie Duck, was enrolled by the Dawes Commission. If no, inform this office as of what name she in enrolled, and what the number of her enrollment is.

Very Respectfully,

Special Commissioner

Nancy Duck listed as full blood Cherokee

1896 Census Roll # 51-Saline District as Nancy Backwater

Dawes Roll # 29894, Census Card # 8822 as Nancy Backwater-Saline District-Leach, IT

Transcribed by Catherine Widener, 2003

*Transcriber notes

Also see

MA # 13235-Smith Mellowbug

MA # 9162-Joe Mellowbug

MA # 9161- Wilson Mellowbug

MA # 8780-Lizzie Mellowbug


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