OKGenWeb Notice: These electronic pages may NOT be reproduced in any format for profit or presentation by any other organization or persons. Presentation here does not extend any permissions to the public. This material may not be included in any compilation, publication, collection, or other reproduction for profit without permission.
The creator copyrights ALL files on this site. The files may be linked to but may not be reproduced on another site without specific permission from the OKGenWeb Coordinator, [okgenweb@cox.net], and their creator. Although public information is not in and of itself copyrightable, the format in which they are presented, the notes and comments, etc. are. It is, however, permissible to print or save the files to a personal computer for personal use ONLY.

Indian Pioneer Papers - Index

Indian Pioneer History Project for Oklahoma
Date: February 15, 1938
Name: J. G. Rind
Post Office: Sulphur, Oklahoma Route 3
Date of Birth: November 08, 1869
Place of Birth: Along Arkansas and Territory line.
Father: George L. Rind
Place of Birth: Territory
Information on father: 
Mother: Mandy Griffith
Place of Birth: Arkansas
Information on mother: 
Field Worker: John F. Daugherty
Interview #9962

My parents were George L. Rind and Mandy Griffith Rind. Father was born in the Indian Territory, place and date unknown, and Mother was born in Arkansas. My father was a farmer.

My grandfather, Reverend George Rind, came with the Choctaw Indians from Mississippi, as a teacher and missionary. He was sent and paid by the United States Government. He landed at Wadeville in the Choctaw Nation and taught there. He also taught at Lukefodder (no longer in existence), Fort Towsen and Doakesville. 

He was in the Confederate Army during the Civil War and returned to his work among the Choctaws at the close of the war. 

He moved to Arkansas in the early seventies and died in that state. Father's home was on the Iron Stob line between the Indian Territory and Arkansas that runs from the Arkansas River to Red River. These iron stobs which were hollow and capped with iron caps, were placed six miles apart and contained records of the geological survey.

I was born at this home November 8, 1869, and came to the Indian Territory in 1884, settling at old Woodville in the Chickasaw Nation.

Our mail came from Preston Bend on Red River for there was no post office at Woodville. The Government put a large box at the store and the mail for those who lived near Woodville was left in this box each day by the mail carrier from Preston Bend. He carried the mail on a horse.

As we were coming to the Chickasaw Nation we met two men on horses, one of whom was leading a pack-horse, and the other following. The pack horse carried two five gallon kegs, one on each side. These men stopped us and asked if we cared to buy some whiskey. This was their method of peddling whiskey. Each man had two guns and one had no desire to start any trouble with them. 

Woodville consisted of a store, a gin and a grist mill and it was mostly populated with Indians.

We raised some cotton and a little corn which we had ground for meal for bread. It was ground on an old fashioned rock burrs and there were two round rocks with grooves which ground the corn as it was fed through a hopper after which it dropped into a box and was dipped up and put into sacks.

The cotton was ginned at a one stand gin which had an upright boiler about four feet in diameter. The cotton was carried to the stand in a basket, weighed on cotton scales and dumped into the stand. It came into the lint room in very small particles resembling snow flakes after which it was gathered in the arms of the person who brought it, carried to the press and tramped in with the feet. No wonder ginning was a slow process in those days.

Before we moved to Woodville our cotton was ginned at an old tread wheel gin. The power for running this wheel was furnished by a steer. The wheel was locked, a steer was led into the pen where the wheel was and the gate was locked so he couldn't get out. He was led onto the wheel and when the brake was released and the wheel began to turn the steer began to walk to keep from falling. This turned the wheel which ran the gin. 

I have lived in Murray County for ten years; I am a bachelor.

Transcribed for OKGenWeb by Lola Crane coolbreze@cybertrails.com  November 2001.