Indian Pioneer Papers - Index
Project for Oklahoma
Date: May 26, 1937
Name: Mrs. Hettie Moreland (White)
Post Office Address: Durant, Oklahoma
Residence Address: 223 N. 12th St.
Date of Birth: May 21, 1847
Place of birth: Texas
Name of Father:
Place of Birth:
Name of Mother:
Place of Birth:
Field Worker's name: Lula Austin
I was born May 21, 1847, and came to
Oklahoma March 17, 1905, from Sulphur springs, Texas.
One afternoon my cousin, Jimmie BOX, came
by on his way from Mount Pleasant in a wagon with his wife and four children.
The oldest girl was fourteen and the youngest three. They had been to Mount
Pleasant, Texas, to buy hides to make shoes for the family.
They stopped and visited, talking to us
about moving to Oklahoma. They begged father to move with them. My mother said
that she was afraid of the wild Indians. Father laughed and said, "The
Indians would not bother you". On the their way home to Gainesville,
Texas, my cousins met a band of Comanche Indians. I do not believe they would
have harmed Jimmie but he began shooting at them and when he had used all his
ammunition they surrounded the wagon and killed him. They put Jimmie's wife
and children on ponies with some of the Indians and took them with them. The
little three-year old girl fell from the horse into a ravine and they threw
rocks at her and left her there; her mother never knew whether she was killed
or not. Each night when they would camp, Jimmie's scalp would be put on a
stick and the Indians would dance around the stick.
One little girl would slip from her tent
to her mother at night and to keep her from doing this they stood her on coals
of fire and burnt her feet so she could not walk. The Indians made these
captives work and wait on them. One-day the oldest girl refused to obey their
commands and instead of punishing her the Chief patted her and said,
"Brave woman". And after that she did not have to work. After living
with the Indians six months the state of Texas bought Jimmie Box's wife and
children from the Indians. They were delivered across the Canadian River one
at a time on a horse led by an Indian. A tent was ready with clothes for them,
as they wore only breech clouts. The mother died soon after being released and
the girls followed her in a few years. I was ten years old when this happened.
Mrs. Moreland has in her possession, The
Regimental Flag of the 9th Texas Calvary to which her husband belonged. It was
carried in the battle of Pea Ridge.
When General Ross surrendered, the colors
were asked for and he turned to the color-bearer and asked, "Where are
the colors?". The color-bearer replied, "General, you know we lost
Ten years later, this color-bearer
presented the Regimental Flag of the 9th Texas Calvary to General Ross. The
color-bearer had hidden the flag by tying it around his waist. Later, General
Ross presented this flag to Mr. Moreland who, in turn gave it to his wife.
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