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James N. Mitchem
More Information at Mitchem/Cox Family

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Sergeant

Co. E, 53rd Georgia Infantry

Born 1843 in Morgan County, Georgia

Died July 24, 1919 in El Reno, Oklahoma

Buried at Oaklawn Cemetery in Wynnewood, Oklahoma 

He died in an auto accident

James came to Indian Territory in 1893 before coming to the Wynnewood area, on to El Reno in 1913, then to Hobart, Oklahoma in 1915

His wife, Pauline Cox Mitchem is also buried at Oaklawn.   She was born in 1863 died in 1920

JAMES NATHANIEL MITCHEM

 was born November 29, 1843 , in Morgan County , Georgia , and died July 24, 1919 in El Reno ( Canadian County ), Oklahoma .  He served during the Civil War in Company E of Georgia�s 53rd Infantry; was wounded; and discharged to the Invalid Corps in July of 1864.  After the 1870 census of Morgan County , James Nathaniel left Georgia and went to Texas .  By 1880, however, he had a wife, Eliza Jane, widow of William Levi Noble, who had died in 1870;  a stepson, William Levi Noble, Jr., and three children of his own, living in Lampasas County , Texas .  This couple had been married in Sabine County , Texas on September 12, 1872 , according to sworn statements filed by Eliza Jane Mitchem on her 1931 application for a Civil War Widow�s pension, filed from Greenville in Hunt County , Texas . Eliza Jane�s application for pension was denied because, rather than the widow of James Nathaniel, she was a divorcee.  Under Texas law, a divorcee was not eligible to be awarded a widow�s pension.  

We know that James Nathaniel Mitchem filed divorce proceedings against Eliza Jane in May of 1888 in Brown County , Texas , alleging adultery with Joe W. Harris, a man he shot and killed.  This court case was bitterly fought on both sides and exactly one year after the death of Joe W. Harris, James Nathaniel was granted a divorce from Eliza Jane and was awarded custody of his daughters and Eliza Jane was awarded custody of their son, James B. Mitchem.  

The names of James Nathaniel Mitchem�s  three children were:  

Vadda E, the eldest, born May 8, 1874 , who died, unmarried, in a Dallas, Texas nursing home, on July 29, 1958 , James B. Mitchem, born a couple of years later was a bookkeeper and who died somewhere in Texas in 1916, and probably never married.  Lula Mitchem, born 1880 and died in Los Angeles County, California in 1933, the wife of Robert S. Tobin.  This couple had no children, so it is most probable that James Nathaniel Mitchem has no direct descendants.  

Eliza Jane Burroughs Noble Mitchem who was born on 12-25-1851 Sabine Co TX and died on 5-5-1933 and is buried in East Mount Cem in Greenville Hunt co TX. She also has no marker.

We have come to learn that James Burroughs Mitchem born 10-9-1876 the son of James Nathaniel Mitchem confederate veteran buried in Wynnewood in Garvin Co OK did in fact marry a woman we only know her as Albertina born abt 1868. A Swedish woman by birth and they had no children that we can find so far. James Burroughs Mitchum was buried in  Multnomah Park Pioneer Cemetery Grave 5 Lot 16A Portland Multnomah Co OR.  He died on 4-13-1919 in Portland of TB. There is no marker for him in the cemetery in Or. But his death cert states he is buried there as does the cemetery inventory. 

Vadda E. Mitchem is buried in East Lawn Cem in Dallas TX born 5-8-1874 died 7-29-1959. Lula Mitchem Tobin is buried iin Hollywood Forever Cemetery in Los Angeles CA. born 2-1880 died 5-11-1933

WE have also learned that James Nathaniel Mitchem and Pauline Cox may have married on 7-5-1891 in Eddy Co NM. 

William Levi Noble JR the stepson he raised is buried in West Hill Cem in Sherman  Grayson Co TX his dates are b 11-1-1869 Sabine Co TX d 6-19-1947 at the home of his daughter in Oak Cliff Section Dallas, Dallas Co TX

WE have also come to learn that James Nathaniel Mitchem first wife Eliza was born Elisabeth/Elizabeth (one census names her as Elisabeth) "Eliza" Jane Burroughs in Sabine Co TX. Her father was James M Burroughs a Lawyer of Tuscaloosa Co AL who moved to Sabine co TX and served in the TX Legislature her mother is unknown at this time.
All other records indicate her as Eliza or E. J. Mitchem.

Pauline Cox's brother moved to NM so I checked the marriage records in NM
just in case and got lucky.

In the early 1890�s, James Nathaniel moved to what was then known as the �Indian Territory� of Oklahoma where he remained during the time Oklahoma came into Statehood (1907).  

By the year 1900, James Nathaniel was living at El Reno in Canadian County , Oklahoma , and was a real estate broker by profession.  His second wife, Pauline Cox Mitchem, worked as a florist, according to city directory entries, for more than the next decade.  From 1913 to 1916, James Nathaniel and Pauline Cox Mitchem, his second wife, homesteaded on 160 acres in Kiowa County , Oklahoma , before returning once more to El Reno .

In July of 1919, James Nathaniel was crossing at an intersection in downtown El Reno, Oklahoma when a taxicab rounded the curve at that intersection, �blew� a tire, and rolled over onto James Nathaniel�s arm, almost severing it.  After a few days� hospitalization, during which time his arm was surgically amputated, James Nathaniel died of tetanus infection, and was buried in the Mitchem-Cox plot in Oaklawn Cemetery, at Wynnewood (Garvin County) Oklahoma, along with his second wife, Pauline Cox Mitchem, who died in April of the next year (1920).  James Nathaniel and Pauline Cox Mitchem had no children, it is believed.  

AltaMDurden@aol.com
Additional Information furnished on 1 May 2011
 

James Nathaniel Mitchem shot and killed Joe W. Harris

February 27, 1888Lampasas, TX

JAMES NATHANIEL MITCHEM  1843-1919   JAMES NATHANIEL MITCHEM was born November 29, 1843, in Morgan County, Georgia, and died July 24, 1919 in El Reno (Canadian County), Oklahoma.  He served during the Civil War in Company E of Georgia�s 53rd Infantry; was wounded; and discharged to the Invalid Corps in July of 1864.  After the 1870 census of Morgan County, James Nathaniel left Georgia and went to Texas.  By  1880, however, he had a wife, Eliza Jane, widow of William Levi Noble, who had died in 1870;  a stepson, William Levi Noble, Jr., and three children of his own, living in Lampasas County, Texas.  This couple had been married in Sabine County, Texas on September 12, 1872, according to sworn statements filed by Eliza Jane Mitchem on her 1931 application for a Civil War Widow�s pension, filed from Greenville in Hunt County, Texas. Eliza Jane�s application for pension was denied because, rather than the widow of James Nathaniel, she was a divorcee.  Under Texas law, a divorcee was not eligible to be awarded a widow�s pension.   According to The Dallas (Texas) Morning News of February 27, 1888, James Nathaniel Mitchem shot and killed Joe W. Harris on the street in Brownwood (Brown County, Texas) on the night of February 26, 1888.  In a jailhouse interview of James Nathaniel Mitchem by  The Dallas Morning News, James Nathaniel Mitchem relates that he � . . .became suspicious that Harris was too familiar with my wife in Lampasas, where I then lived, and I had a difficulty with him, in which he drew a pistol on me in my own home.  I would have killed him then had it not been for disgracing my children.  My wife promised me she would never speak to Harris again and I wrote him that if he ever came about my wife again I would kill him. Last November I learned that he had been seen with my wife here, and I got a shotgun and loaded six cartridges to kill him, but he left.  Yesterday evening I learned that he had been buggy riding the day before with my wife, and had gone out again with my wife and daughter.  I went out the road that they had gone, and met my wife and daughter and saw Harris at a distance driving the buggy off.  I went home and got the same cartridges that I had loaded before and went to a gunsmith�s and borrowed a shotgun.  This was after dark.  I hid my gun and went to hunting for Harris.  I saw him go from the hotel around Allman�s corner toward the square.  I stood in the shade of Coggin�s bank until I saw him return.  I started to him.  The moon was shining brightly.  When about half way across the street I called out:  �� Is that you, Harris?�   � He said, �Yes,� and drew his pistol.  I fired; he ran and I fired again.  Immediately after the shooting Mrs. Mitchem came down and fell upon Harris� body, kissed him and cried.      �Mitchem is about 45 years old, has a wife and three children, two girls and a boy, one girl about grown.  He is a hide buyer.  Harris was 35 years old and was a gambler.  He had a certificate of deposit on a Dallas bank for $1800.  It is said that he lived at San Antonio.� [End of newspaper article.]   The names of James Nathaniel Mitchem�s  three children were:  Vadda E, the eldest, born May 8, 1874, who worked as a saleslady in millinery shops in several towns and cities in Texas, and owned  Mitchem�s Millinery Shop in Greenville, Texas.  Vadda died in a Dallas, Texas nursing home,  on July 29, 1958,  unmarried, and is buried with some descendants of her older half brother, William Levi Noble, Jr., in Forest Lawn Cemetery in Dallas.  James B. Mitchem, born in Texas,  October 9, 1876, was a bookkeeper for cotton brokers while in Texas, but died as a Teamster in Portland, Oregon on April 3, 1916 at only 39 years of age.  His wife, Albertina, about twelve years older than James, was a naturalized immigrant from Sweden.  They had no children..  Lula Mitchem, born 1880 and died in Los Angeles County, California in 1933, the wife of Robert S. Tobin.  This couple had no children, so it is most probable that James Nathaniel Mitchem has no direct descendants.   We know that James Nathaniel Mitchem was not prosecuted for having killed Joe W. Harris in February of 1888 because three months later he filed divorce proceedings against Eliza Jane in May of  1888 in Brown County, Texas, alleging adultery.  This court case was bitterly fought on both sides and, ironically, exactly one year after the death of Joe W. Harris, James Nathaniel was granted a divorce from Eliza Jane and was awarded custody of his daughters and Eliza Jane was awarded custody of their son, James B. Mitchem.  Interestingly, evidence introduced during the divorce trial reveals that the biological father of Eliza Jane was one James M. Burroughs, born 1824 in Alabama, a slaveowner-legislator-attorney influential in the early formation of the State of Texas.  Eliza Jane died at Terrell State Hospital in Kaufman County, Texas in May of 1933, a few months after her September 1932 admission to that mental institution.  Texas law, relative to mental health records and privacy concerns, preclude our learning the names of Eliza Jane�s parents (although permission is currently being sought from the Attorney General of Texas for an exception to release the true names of Eliza Jane�s parents for genealogical purposes.)    James Nathaniel Mitchem is recorded as having married Pauline Cox, twenty years his junior, in Carlsbad, (Eddy County) New Mexico in 1891, the daughter of another Confederate veteran who, like James Nathaniel, was a hide buyer.  In the early 1890�s, they moved to what was then known as the �Indian Territory� of Oklahoma where they remained during the time Oklahoma came into Statehood (1907).   As of the year 1900, James Nathaniel was living at El Reno in Canadian County, Oklahoma, and was a real estate broker by profession.  His second wife, Pauline Cox Mitchem, worked as a florist, according to city directory entries, for more than the next decade.  From 1913 to 1916, James Nathaniel and Pauline Cox Mitchem homesteaded on 160 acres of land they bought in Kiowa County, Oklahoma, before returning once more to El Reno where Lula Mitchem, youngest child of James Nathaniel and Eliza Jane Mitchem, lived in a boarding house as a single woman near her soon-to-be husband, Robert S. Tobin.   In July of 1919, James Nathaniel was crossing at an intersection in downtown El Reno, Oklahoma when a taxicab rounded the curve at that intersection, �blew� a tire, and rolled over onto James Nathaniel�s arm, almost severing it.  After a few days� hospitalization, during which time his arm was surgically amputated, James Nathaniel died of tetanus infection, and was buried in the Mitchem-Cox plot in Oaklawn Cemetery, at Wynnewood (Garvin County) Oklahoma, along with his second wife, Pauline Cox Mitchem, who died in April of the next year (1920).  James Nathaniel and Pauline Cox Mitchem had no children, it is believed.   Although both James Nathaniel and his wife have monuments in the Cox-Mitchem plot of Oaklawn Cemetery, the author has been instrumental in erecting a Southern Cross of Honor Confederate Memorial Monument at that Garvin County site.       Sources:  Morgan County, Georgia, Tax Lists; Land Records, Census Records, Estate Records and Cemetery Records; NARA; Similar Records from Alabama, Oklahoma, Texas, and Nevada..

Complied & Contributed by:
Michael Andrew Grissom

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