Indian Pioneer Papers - Index
Indian Pioneer History Project for Oklahoma
Date: December 5,
Name: Mrs. Implin
Post Office: Finley, Oklahoma
Date of Birth: 1861
Place of Birth: Near Moyers,
Father: Dixon Felihkatabbee
Father: born Finley,
Mother: Eliza Walker
Mother: born Finley, Oklahoma
Field Worker: Johnson H. Hampton
I was born in the year 1861. My Father's name was Dixon
and my mother's name was Eliza WALKER. They were both raised in
what was then Cedar County, Choctaw Nation. Neither of them came from the old
I was born in what was then Jackfork
[Jack Fork] County near where Moyer,
Oklahoma is now. Later we moved to Ceder County where I lived and am now
living near where I grew up. I have never been out of the county since I was a
small child when my parents moved from Jackfork County to Cedar
We were very poor people so we did not have a spinning wheel of our
own but Mother used to borrow one and run it for some other Indians. She would
card up the wool or cotton and make threads out of them, than she would put it
on the wheel and I had to turn the wheel for her. She would make a big ball
out of the threads and then she would get her knitting needle and knit socks
and mittens out of the threads she had made. She did not make any cloth but
some of the Indian women did. Mother made only socks and mittens and she dyed
them with some roots, herbs and barks.
I don't remember what years it was when the Dawes Commission came
to Antlers and enrolled the Choctaws, but they were here at Antlers when I
enrolled with the balance of the Choctaws.
The first payment I remember of the Choctaws getting was somewhere
in 1893. We got $103.00 per head. We then did not get any more money for a
long while, then we got several payments. The last one was $10.00 I
We lived in a log house with one door in it. There was no window in
the house and it was not a big house but we had a floor for our house and had
about five acres of land in cultivation that we raised corn on for our bread.
We used to raise enough corn to feed us. We did not have much wheat bread to
eat at that time.
We would sometimes soak our corn in the ear and grit it for our
meals. We did not have any meal on hand at any time but we made our meal as we
wanted it. We beat our corn in a bowl on one end of the block just as other
Choctaws did for making meal. We sometimes had to parch corn for our coffee.
It was a good substitute for coffee. The Choctaws did that everywhere for they
did not have the money with which to buy their coffee most of the
On this farm we raised our vegetables, including sweet potatoes. We
did not raise Irish potatoes at that time for we did not know very much about
Mother had a few chickens, not many of them, though enough for our
home use. We had only a few cattle and hogs but we did not have any
Our trading pint at that time was at Paris, Texas, but then the
railroad went through we traded at a little place called Kosoma, on this
railroad. It was a small sawmill town. We then moved our trading point to
Antlers where we have traded ever since.
I never saw a white man in that country until the railroad went
through; then they began to come into the country but they did not come out in
the rural districts then; they were mostly around the towns.
I remember the LOCKE and JONES war for I had kinfolks on both sides
and remember where the Locke men were camped. I used to go there to see my
brother who was with this bunch of men. I don't know about the shooting up of
Locke's house as I was not in town when this happened but I heard of it after
it had happened and the men were all gathering down at the river getting ready
to have a real war. The other, Jones men, were camped at Goodland. I did not
go down there to see my kinfolks. In fact I was afraid to go down there for my
husband and brother were with the Locke's. They were camped just across the
river where the small lake is now on the highway. They stayed there for a good
while, but when the soldiers came down they put a stop to the war and the
warriors all came home.
Another time when a few of the Choctaws got bad was when some of
the Indians went to Barton Jones's house and tore up his house and burned up
his mattresses. He formed a little group of Indians, hunted the boys up that
was into this, killed a few of them and arrested the balance of them and took
them and put them in jail at Sulphur Springs. There was no jail there but he
put them up in an old house and guarded them for several days before they were
At this time they killed my uncle. He was sick in bed when they
came over, took him out of bed and killed him. They then went over to
Washington BALDWIN's and killed his son, Eli Baldwin, and took the father
prisoner. They finally got into the Federal Court over Eli Baldwin, who it
seemed was or had been a United States officer. They were put in jail until
they could make bond and several of them died in jail. The others had their
trail and got out of it and came home, and that was the last of the
I used to see the Choctaw ball games and have attended their camp
meetings. They still have those camp meetings like they used to do several
years ago. They would kill hogs, beef and get everything ready and just move
over to the church and feed the people. They still follow the old custom. One
of the old churches is still there and they have their meetings at this church
yet. It is a Methodist Church, called the Old Cedar Church. It was a log
church house but they have done away with that one and built a lumber church
house and it is still being used at this time.
I remember some years ago when the meeting was over and the
Choctaws were getting ready to go home, the sheriff of Cedar County was going
to arrest one Isaac REUBIN. The Sheriff's name was CAMPBELL and he went to
this man and told him that he was under arrest, but this man resisted the
officer. Then the Sheriff pulled his gun and shot at him but missed him. Then
Isaac got his gun and killed the Sheriff. That was on Monday morning. He shot
the Sheriff all to pieces with his own gun, then he got the Sheriff's gun and
emptied it into him after he had him killed. There has been several Indians
killed at this church.
They don't have the Indian cries that they used to have. When they
used to have them I went and cooked for them most of the time. Then they would
have the cries at their home where the grave was. The Choctaws used to bury
their dead near the house. They had no cemeteries anywhere then, so they
buried at their home and would have the cries at the grave. All the Indians
took part in the cries but they have quit now on account of the white people
making fun at them.
I am a full-blood Choctaw Indian and never went to school, not even
one day, so I am not able speak nor read, nor write in English. In fact, I
can't read nor write in my own language. I can speak the Choctaw language but
that is all.
All of my parents have lived here and died here, they were all full
bloods but I don't know what clan they belong to.
Transcribed and submitted
by Brenda Choate < firstname.lastname@example.org> December 2000.