Indian Pioneer Papers - Index
History Project for Oklahoma
Date: July 15, 1937
A. W. Brewer
Residence Address: Eufaula,
Date of Birth:
Place of Birth:
Place of Birth:
Information on father:
Place of birth:
Information on mother:
Field Worker: Margaret
I moved from Arkansas,
with my father, to the Choctaw Nation, in 1881. I lived on a farm
near Cameron. I was living there at the time Jack McCurtain was Chief
of the Choctaw tribe. After that Green McCurtain was Chief.
We did all of our trading at Cameron, which was near the line of Arkansas,
and sometimes we would go over to Hackett City, which was over the line
Wall Berg was once a town
in the Choctaw Nation, but is now used as a coal mine. Only a few
miners are living there.
Travelers would stop at
Pato Switch. They traveled mostly in ox drawn covered wagons, and
horseback. The first courthouse was located near Cameron. I
have seen them drive hundreds of cattle at a time through there.
That was on the Old Kansas and Texas Trail. Sometimes they would
have several hundred head of cattle, and two or three hundred turkeys all
in one drove. They would drive four and five hundred head of hogs
at a time.
An old Indian who could
not speak English lived near there. We bought hogs from him.
Sometimes we could buy hogs weighing two and three hundred pounds for two
dollars apiece. He had a big drove of horses, most of them mustang
ponies. The hogs just ran out in the woods, and seemed to be wild.
They were afraid of white people, but the old negro man who worked for
him and the Indian could catch them as they did not seem to be afraid of
them. The Indians played Indian ball at Green Hill Camp, which was
near Cameron. For sports and fun they played violins and banjoes.
For church when they had music they used an old time organ. There is a
lot of stone and coal there as they have several mines.
Green Hill Camp Ground
was where the Indians held their camp meetings after the Civil War.
The old salt works was
located near Wagoner, on the Grand River.
I remember when the steamboats
came up the Arkansas River as far as Muskogee. They would have to
push a cutter in front of the boat to move the sand out of the way of the
boat. The last boat I remember was in 1883.
People traveling would
stop at _ _ sil's (unclear) Station to rest.
The Frisco Railroad was
built through there in 1885 and 1886. Until that time, the mail was
carried on horseback, by way of the Kansas and Texas Trails.
We had no newspapers printed.
All our newspapers were printed at Fort Smith, Arkansas.
All the schools we had
in those days were private or pay schools. We had no public or Government
schools there then.
I did not see the battle
with the Snake Indians, but I saw the battle ground after it was over.
Doc OLDHAM, now living at Checotah, was sheriff at that time. His son got
killed in the fight. The battle was at Hickory Stomp ground.
I moved to Eufaula in
1896, and have lived here ever since. I have farmed a lot, but for
the last twenty years I have worked in stores. I worked until this
spring of 1937. I am now seventy-two years old.
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